Low Sodium Dog Foods

As Ty has recently been diagnosed with DCM we have been on a hunt to find a low sodium food that he is also not allergic too. People have asked me to report my findings on sodium levels, Protein, Fats, Fibre and importantly costs!

Firstly don’t assume, as I did, when your dog gets diagnosed they must immediately be put on a low sodium food.  Actually it depends on the severity of the heart condition as to what percentage they require at this time. Dropping drastically to a very low sodium dog food can cause Hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is the clinical term given to a condition in which a dog is suffering from low concentrations of serum sodium in the blood.

Your vet will advise what stage your dog is at and how much to limit sodium. So here are the levels you seek:

Screen Shot 2017-07-04 at 10.18.45

So now you know what you are looking for. Here are the foods, in America, that I have discovered so far in Food name order. I am still working on it!

Food Protein Fat Fibre Sodium Cost Weight Price Per lb Grain Free?
ACANA Heritage Free-Run Poultry 29.00% 17.00% 6.00% 0.30% $55.99 25 $2.23 Yes
American Journey Salmon & Sweet Potato 32.00% 14.00% 5.00% 0.45% $39.99 24 $1.66 Yes
Avoderm Grain Free Chicken 28.00% 13.00% 7.00% 0.40% $52.99 24 $2.20 Yes
Avoderm Joint Health Grain Free Chicken 30.00% 12.00% 6.00% 0.33% $57.65 24 $2.40 Yes
Avoderm Red Meat & Potato 23.00% 13.00% 4.50% 0.45% $39.99 24 $1.66 Yes
Avoderm Rev Duck 25.00% 16.00% 6.00% 0.40% $39.99 22 $1.81 Yes
Avoderm Rev Lamb 26.00% 24.00% 6.00% 0.37% $39.99 22 $1.81 Yes
Avoderm Rev Trout and Pea 28.00% 16.00% 6.00% 0.40% $39.99 22 $1.81 Yes
Avoderm Rev Turkey 26.00% 16.00% 6.00% 0.37% $39.99 22 $1.81 Yes
Avoderm Senior 28.00% 10.00% 6.00% 0.28% $39.99 24 $1.66 Yes
BLUE Basics – Duck & Potato 20.00% 13.00% 6.00% 0.34% $51.99 22 $2.36 Yes
BLUE Basics – Lamb & Potato 20.00% 14.00% 6.00% 0.34% $51.99 22 $2.36 Yes
BLUE Basics – Turkey & Potato 20.00% 12.00% 6.00% 0.33% $49.99 24 $2.08 Yes
BLUE Basics- Salmon & Potato 20.00% 12.00% 6.00% 0.50% $51.99 22 $2.36 Yes
Blue Buffalo Senior Freedom 18.00% 10.00% 7.00% 0.34% $46.54 24 $1.93 Yes
BLUE Freedom Beef 24.00% 14.00% 6.00% 0.35% $49.99 24 $2.08 Yes
BLUE Freedom Chicken 24.00% 14.00% 6.00% 0.35% $47.99 24 $1.99 Yes
BLUE Healthy Weight Chicken 20.00% 8.00% 10.00% 0.35% $47.99 24 $1.99 Yes
BLUE Lamb 22.00% 14.00% 6.00% 0.40% $50.99 24 $2.12 Yes
Blue Life Protection Chicken 24.00% 14.00% 5.00% 0.34% $45.99 30 $1.53 No
Blue Life Protection Fish 22.00% 14.00% 5.00% 0.34% $46.99 30 $1.56 No
Blue Life Protection Lamb 26.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.34% $47.99 30 $1.59 No
California Natural Chicken & brown rice weight management 21.00% 7.00% 3.00% 0.20% $53.09 26 $2.04 No
California Natural chicken 34.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.34% $62.99 26 $2.42 Yes
California Natural kangaroo 21.00% 11.00% 6.50% 0.26% $62.99 26 $2.42 Yes
California Natural Lamb & brown rice 21.00% 7.00% 3.00% 0.24% $53.09 26 $2.04 No
CANIDAE ALS Chicken Meal & Rice 26.00% 15.50% 4.00% 0.30% $40.84 30 $1.36 No
CANIDAE ALS Chicken, Turkey, Lamb & Fish Meals 24.00% 14.50% 4.00% 0.30% $56.99 44 $1.29 No
CANIDAE ALS Lamb Meal & Rice 23.00% 12.50% 4.00% 0.30% $46.54 30 $1.55 No
CANIDAE ALS Platinum Less Active Multi-Protein 22.50% 8.50% 10.50% 0.30% $46.54 30 $1.55 No
CANIDAE PURE Lamb 32.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.30% $56.99 24 $2.37 Yes
CANIDAE PURE Land Fresh Bison 25.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.30% $59.84 24 $2.49 Yes
CANIDAE SEA Salmon 32.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.30% $59.84 24 $2.49 Yes
CANIDAE SKY Duck 32.00% 16.00% 4.00% 0.30% $56.99 24 $2.37 Yes
CANIDAE Meadow 28.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.30% $56.99 24 $2.37 Yes
CANIDAE Under The Sun Chicken 25.00% 11.00% 4.00% 0.20% $37.99 25 $1.51 Yes
CANIDAE Under The Sun Lamb 25.00% 11.00% 4.00% 0.20% $37.99 25 $1.51 Yes
CANIDAE Under The Sun Whitefish 25.00% 11.00% 4.00% 0.20% $37.99 23.5 $1.61 Yes
Fromm Chicken A’ LA VEG 24.00% 15.00% 3.50% 0.31% $51.83 30 $1.72 No
Fromm Classic Adult 23.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.29% $36.96 33 $1.12 No
Fromm Classic Mature Adult 21.00% 11.00% 4.00% 0.24% $34.73 33 $1.05 No
Fromm Duck & Sweet Potato 24.00% 15.00% 3.50% 0.32% $55.94 30 $1.86 No
Fromm Game Bird 29.00% 17.00% 3.50% 0.38% $68.36 26 $2.62 Yes
Fromm Gold Reduced Activity & Senior 23.00% 11.00% 3.50% 0.30% $46.66 33 $1.41 No
Fromm Gold Weight Management 25.00% 10.00% 7.00% 0.26% $50.57 33 $1.53 No
Fromm Gold Adult 24.00% 16.00% 3.50% 0.28% $46.66 33 $1.41 No
Fromm Lamb and Lentil 29.00% 18.00% 4.50% 0.39% $69.39 26 $2.66 Yes
Fromm Pork and Peas 29.00% 17.00% 3.50% 0.38% $68.36 26 $2.62 Yes
Fromm Whitefish and Potato 23.00% 11.00% 3.50% 0.31% $56.07 30 $1.86 No
Honest Kitchen Brave 34.00% 14.00% 8.00% 0.34% $124.99 40 $3.12 No
Honest Kitchen Embark 29.00% 18.00% 9.60% 0.30% $96.99 40 $2.42 Yes
Honest Kitchen Force 24.00% 15.00% 6.50% 0.19% $87.99 40 $2.19 Yes
Honest Kitchen Halcyon 24.00% 14.00% 6.20% 0.17% $117.99 40 $2.94 No
Honest Kitchen Hope 25.00% 7.20% 6.00% 0.28% $104.00 40 $2.60 No
Honest Kitchen Keen 21.00% 15.50% 5.00% 0.13% $65.99 40 $1.64 No
Honest Kitchen Kindly 13.50% 10.00% 12.80% 0.40% $59.99 29 $2.06 No
Honest Kitchen Love 31.00% 14.00% 7.00% 0.30% $99.99 40 $2.49 Yes
Honest Kitchen Marvel 24.50% 18.50% 12.50% 0.13% $99.99 40 $2.49 No
Honest Kitchen Preference 10.50% 6.00% 10.00% 0.29% $59.99 29 $2.06 Yes
Honest Kitchen Revel 24.50% 15.30% 3.40% 0.30% $59.99 40 $1.49 No
Honest Kitchen Spruce 24.00% 14.00% 6.00% 0.29% $124.99 40 $3.12 No
Honest Kitchen Thrive 26.00% 16.00% 6.30% 0.30% $84.99 40 $2.12 No
Honest Kitchen Verve 22.50% 8.50% 5.80% 0.17% $68.59 40 $1.62 No
Honest Kitchen Zeal 35.50% 8.50% 5.80% 0.28% $117.99 40 $2.94 Yes
Lotus Chicken 24.52% 12.94% 3.47% 0.34% $66.99 25 $2.67 No
Lotus Grain Free Lamb 24.52% 14.58% 3.81% 0.48% $87.69 20 $4.39 Yes
Lotus Grain Free Turkey 24.25% 13.49% 5.46% 0.39% $79.99 20 $3.99 Yes
Lotus Oven Baked Duck 27.50% 12.25% 6.39% 0.55% $77.29 20 $3.86 No
Lotus Oven Baked Fish 25.20% 14.20% 8.89% 0.52% $89.99 20 $4.49 No
Lotus Senior 18.71% 10.62% 3.76% 0.14% $66.99 25 $2.67 No
Natural Balance Chicken & Sweet Pot 21.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.39% $53.99 26 $2.07 Yes
Natural Balance Lamb Meal & Brown Rice 21.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.36% $49.49 28 $1.76 No
Natural Balance Potato & Duck 21.00% 10.00% 3.00% 0.36% $53.99 26 $2.07 Yes
Natural Balance Sweet Pot & Bison 20.00% 10.00% 4.00% 0.42% $53.99 26 $2.07 Yes
Natural Balance Sweet Pot & Fish 21.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.49% $53.99 26 $2.07 Yes
Natural Balance Sweet Pot & Venison 20.00% 10.00% 4.00% 0.39% $53.55 26 $2.05 Yes
Nulo Adult Lamb 31.00% 17.00% 4.50% 0.61% $62.93 24 $2.62 Yes
Nulo Adult Salmon 30.00% 16.00% 4.50% 0.55% $58.36 24 $2.43 Yes
Nulo Adult Trim 30.00% 9.00% 6.00% 0.40% $60.04 24 $2.50 Yes
Nulo Adult Turkey 33.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.45% $62.99 24 $2.62 Yes
Nulo senior Trout 30.00% 12.00% 5.00% 0.42% $61.77 24 $2.57 Yes
SG Barking at the Moon 41.00% 20.00% 4.00% 0.30% $60.79 24 $2.53 Yes
SG Buck Wild 23.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.30% $60.79 24 $2.53 Yes
SG Fit and Fabulous 26.00% 9.00% 9.00% 0.23% $56.99 24 $2.37 No
SG High Protein with Chicken 38.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.44% $56.99 22 $2.59 Yes
SG High Protein with Duck 38.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.44% $56.99 22 $2.59 Yes
SG High Protein with Red Meat 38.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.44% $56.99 22 $2.59 Yes
SG High Protein with Salmon 38.00% 18.00% 4.00% 0.44% $56.99 22 $2.59 Yes
SG Holistique Blendz 18.00% 6.00% 4.00% 0.18% $52.24 28.5 $1.83 Yes
SG Hund-N- Flocken 22.00% 10.00% 4.00% 0.23% $52.24 28.5 $1.83 No
SG Leaping Waters 26.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.30% $60.79 22 $2.76 Yes
SG Mmillennia 22.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.20% $52.24 28.5 $1.83 No
SG Star chaser 25.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.27% $56.99 28.5 $1.99 No
SG Wolf King 22.00% 9.00% 4.00% 0.23% $55.09 24 $2.29 No
Solid Gold Sun dancer 30.00% 14.00% 4.00% 0.34% $60.79 24 $2.53 Yes
Solid Gold Sunday Sunrise 22.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.30% $60.79 24 $2.53 Yes
Solid Gold Wild heart 27.00% 14.00% 4.00% 0.30% $60.79 24 $2.53 Yes
TOW High Prairie Adult 32.00% 18.00% 3.00% 0.30% $48.99 30 $1.63 Yes
TOW Pacific Stream Adult 25.00% 15.00% 3.00% 0.25% $48.99 30 $1.63 Yes
TOW Sierra 25.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.30% $49.99 30 $1.66 Yes
TOW Wetlands 32.00% 18.00% 3.00% 0.30% $48.99 30 $1.63 Yes
TOW High Prairie Puppy 28.00% 17.00% 5.00%   $49.99 30 $1.66 Yes
Welcome Home Chicken 26.00% 14.00% 4.00%   $43.99 26 $1.69 Yes
Welcome Home Fish 25.00% 14.00% 4.00%   $46.99 26 $1.80 Yes
Welcome Home Pork 26.00% 15.00% 3.50%   $43.99 26 $1.69 Yes
Wellness – Chicken 24.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.14% $51.98 30 $1.73 No
Wellness Adult Lamb 24.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.20% $51.78 30 $1.72 No
Wellness Chick and Barley 21.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.13% $50.33 30 $1.76 No
Wellness Core Large Breed 34.00% 12.00% 6.00% 0.22% $63.28 26 $2.43 Yes
Wellness Core Wild Game 34.00% 16.00% 6.00% 0.22% $66.98 26 $2.57 Yes
Wellness Healthy Weight 24.00% 10.00% 4.00% 0.11% $51.98 26 $1.99 No
Wellness Senior 22.00% 10.00% 4.25% 0.11% $52.98 30 $1.76 No
Wellness Simple Lamb 21.00% 12.00% 4.75% 0.23% $54.98 26 $2.11 Yes
Wellness Simple Salmon 25.00% 12.00% 5.00% 0.29% $54.98 24 $2.29
Wellness Simple Turkey 26.00% 12.00% 5.50% 0.24% $54.98 24 $2.29 Yes
Whole Earth Farms Adult Recipe 26.00% 13.00% 3.50% 0.35% $39.98 30 $1.33 No
Whole Earth Farms Grain Free Recipe Healthy Weight Recipe 24.00% 8.00% 6.00% 0.36% $44.98 25 $1.79 Yes
Whole Earth Farms Turkey & Duck 26.00% 13.00% 4.50% 0.35% $44.98 25 $1.79 Yes
Whole Earth Farms Pork, Beef & Lamb 26.00% 13.00% 3.50% 0.37% $39.98 25 $1.59 Yes
Wilderness – Healthy Weight Chicken 30.00% 9.00% 10.00% 0.22% $49.99 24 $2.08 Yes
Wilderness – Chicken 34.00% 15.00% 6.00% 0.34% $48.99 24 $2.04 Yes
Wilderness – Duck 34.00% 15.00% 6.00% 0.34% $51.99 24 $2.16 Yes
Wilderness – Salmon 34.00% 15.00% 6.00% 0.34% $49.99 24 $2.08 Yes
Wilderness Rock Mtn – Bison 30.00% 15.00% 6.50% 0.27% $53.99 22 $2.45 Yes
Wilderness Rock Mtn – Rabbit 30.00% 15.00% 6.00% 0.34% $51.99 22 $2.36 Yes
Wilderness Rock Mtn – Red Meat 30.00% 15.00% 6.00% 0.28% $51.99 22 $2.36 Yes
4health Grain Free Beef & Potato 24.00% 14.00% 5.00%   $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Salmon & Potato 25.00% 14.00% 3.00% 0.27% $32.99 35 $0.94 Yes
4health Grain Free Whitefish & Potato 25.00% 14.00% 4.00% 0.44% $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Grain Free Puppy 27.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.40% $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Lamb & Rice 21.00% 12.00% 4.00% 0.30% $29.99 35 $0.85 No
4health Grain Free Duck & Potato 24.00% 14.00% 5.00% 0.40% $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Grain Free Chicken & Vegetables 26.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.40% $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Performance Dog Food 30.00% 20.00% 3.00% 0.38% $32.99 30 $1.09 No
4health Grain Free Turkey & Potato 24.00% 14.00% 5.00%   $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Chicken & Rice Formula 26.00% 15.00% 4.00% 0.29% $29.99 35 $0.85 No
4health Healthy Weight 20.00% 8.00% 3.00% 0.20% $29.99 35 $0.85 No
4health Mature Adult 7+ 20.00% 10.00% 3.00% 0.29% $32.99 35 $0.94 No
4health Special Care Sensitive Stomach 25.00% 13.00% 3.00% 0.35% $39.99 25 $1.59 No
4health Grain Free Pork & Potato 24.00% 14.00% 5.00% 0.40% $32.99 30 $1.09 Yes
4health Special Care Sensitive Skin 22.00% 12.00% 4.50% 0.10% $39.99 25 $1.59 No
4health Special Care Weight Management 22.00% 6.00% 8.00% 0.26% $39.99 25 $1.59 No
4health Untamed Wild River Recipe Trout & Lentil 27.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.38% $44.99 25 $1.79 Yes
4health Untamed Open Highland Recipe Lamb & Lentil 27.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.70% $44.99 25 $1.79 Yes
4health Untamed Southern Bayou Recipe Wild Boar & Lentil 26.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.37% $37.99 25 $1.51 Yes
4health Untamed Red Canyon Recipe Buffalo & Lentil 26.00% 15.00% 5.00% 0.42% $37.99 25 $1.51 Yes
Royal Canin Veterinary Diet Gastrointestinal Puppy 27.00% 20.00% 3.20% 0.39% $33.99 8.8 $3.86 No
Royal Canin Veterinary Diet Gastrointestinal High Energy 23.00% 18.00% 3.20% 0.44% $66.29 22 $3.00 No
Victor Hi-Pro Plus 30.00% 20.00% 3.80% 0.31% $46.50 40 $1.16 Yes
Dr Garys Best breed Holistic Working dog 24.00% 22.00% 3.50% 0.35% $54.99 30 $1.86 No

The following was taken from the http://www.vermontveterinarycardiology.com/index.php/for-clients/feeding-the-cardiac-patient

But It’s Not ONLY about the Salt

Protein
Dogs and cats with heart disease need to maintain adequate calorie intake with an appropriate distribution of calories from fat, carbohydrate, and protein. It’s been determined that inadequate protein intake, or deficiencies of specific amino acids, can actually cause serious heart disease and the Cardiology Subspecialty of the ACVIM has recommended avoidance of protein restricted diets ( specifically for dogs with old-age heart valve disease ).  While older dogs and cats do not need as much protein as do young, growing animals, certain diets are specially formulated to be quite restrictive in their protein content.  Example diets to avoid include ones formulated for specific types of bladder stones, kidney disease, or liver disease.  Diets formulated for otherwise healthy adult dogs usually contain more than 4-5 grams per 100 kcal of metabolizable energy at a minimum and greater amounts may be preferable.

Calories and Cachexia
It’s extremely important for cardiac patients to maintain a normal body weight.  Excessive weight, in the form of body fat, places additional stress on the heart and in more than one way.  Besides the additional work of the heart that’s required for normal ambulation and exercise, excess fat causes an oxidative stress.  Oxidative stress disrupts normal metabolism in many ways and impairs the ability of blood vessels to expand and deliver nutrients in a normal way. Hence part of the lack of exercise capacity in a cardiac patient  is due to impairment of the blood vessels themselves!  Current opinion is that modest exercise is beneficial for cardiac patients under most circumstances.  It helps to maintain an appropriate weight level and also healthier blood vessels as well as improve overall health of the heart itself.
The flip side of this coin is equally important.  Animals with more severe heart disease may begin a pathological sequence of weight loss.  The reasons for this are multi-factorial.  Cardiac patients  typically are prescribed potent medications that can have a negative impact on appetite.   These negative side effects are often highly dosage dependent so that adjustments in medications may be required. If your pet begins to lose appetite, it’s very possible that medication dosages need adjustment;  you should seek veterinary attention or advice for your pet  as soon as practical in this situation!  The first step in treating loss of appetite and a cardiac patient is to check for toxic effects of drugs.
The heart is quite important to the health of the entire body and inadequate heart function, as occurs with serious late stage heart disease, can result in a wide range of symptoms that would seem to suggest some other problem.  Abdominal distention resulting from fluid accumulation in the abdomen can be a sign of serious heart disease.  This may also be associated with gastrointestinal disturbances; congestion of the abdominal organs from poor heart function can seem to cause a wide range of ills that would not normally be associated with the heart.  Unremitting weight loss, known as cardiac cachexia, often accompanies serious heart disease.  This appears as loss of muscle mass that can make the patient appear to be all skin and bone in the most severe cases.  The problem is not due to inadequate calorie intake alone but results from a cascade of biochemical abnormalities that instruct the tissues literally to self-destruct in a process called apoptosis (the second ‘p’ is silent in the pronunciation).  The process is initiated by biochemicals known as cytokines that promote inflammation.  Besides increased calorie intake, this process may require “nutritional pharmacology” as part of concurrent therapy.

Supplements
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, present in relatively high concentration in fish oil, is a  direct means of combating cardiac cachexia and the biochemical pathways involved in apoptosis; supplementation can also improve appetite.  The recommended daily dosage is ~ 65 mg per kilogram of body weight with an appropriate distribution of eicosapentanoic acid (EPA, 40mg/kg) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA, 25 mg/kg).  Over-the-counter products are available at many human pharmacies (e.g. CVS 180mg EPA / 120mg DHA capsules, 1 capsule per 10 pounds body weight daily).

Taurine is an amino acid that is required in the diets of cats for normal heart and eye  function; deficiency in either dogs or cats can clearly result in serious heart disease.   Failure to supply adequate taurine in the diet can have disastrous effects on the heart!  This fact was recognized in the 1980s and pet food manufacturers responded by supplementing diets with taurine where necessary.  Nevertheless, we occasionally see pets with heart disease resulting from taurine deficiency even when feeding a diet that is adequately supplemented.  When there is any question of this, we will recommend evaluating a blood taurine level and/or supplementation of the diet with taurine.

FOODS TO AVOID!

  • Fatty foods ( meat trimmings, milk, cream, ice cream, and other milk products)
  • Baby food
  • Pickled foods
  • Bread, pizza
  • Condiments  (ketchup, soy sauce, barbecue sauce, etc.)
  • Sandwich and deli meats/cold cuts ( ham, corn beef, salami, sausages, bacon, hot dogs)
  • Most cheeses including squirtable and spreadable types ( unless specifically labeled as “low sodium” )
  • Processed foods ( such as potato mixes, rice mixes, macaroni and cheese)
  • Canned vegetables ( unless labeled “no salt added”)
  • Potato chips, packaged popcorn, crackers, and other snack foods
  • Packaged soups ( unless labeled “low sodium”)
  • Most commercially available dog and cat treats!

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